QAR, or Question-Answer Relationships, is a reading strategy that helps students to learn how to search a text for the answer to a question based on what kind of a question it is. This is a great website that explains the strategy in great detail.
I use QAR as a model for students to follow when I have them write questions for a given reading. It takes a fair amount of front-loading because it’s definitely a confusing concept at first, but it is worth the one-time effort and class time spent so that you and your students have this activity/tool at your disposal.
Here is a very short story that I will use to illustrate the kinds of relationships:
“Bob runs to school. He is very fast. After school, he plays football with his friends at the park. Before bed, he always does 50 push-ups.”
The four kinds of relationships are explained on the ReadingQuest Strategies site as follows:
- Right There -You can answer these questions by looking at one sentence or small part of the text; it is a tangible answer that you could point to. (Ex: How many push-ups does Bob do before bed?)
- Think and Search – The answer appears explicitly in the text, but requires that you connect several ideas or parts of the text in order to answer it. (Ex: What are some ways that Bob stays active throughout the day?)
- Author and You. The answer does not explicitly appear in the text, so the reader needs to combine the information from the text with his/her own knowledge in order to respond. (Ex: Would you consider Bob to be an athletic person?)
- On My Own – The answer does not appear in the text, nor do you have to know anything about the text in order to answer it. (Ex: What are some benefits of being active?)